Pathology : T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z

Definition: inflammation of a tendon or musculotendinous junction
Causes: overuse, repetitive stress, improper healing, or tearing from sustained overloading of muscle

Signs/Symptoms: pain, persistent pain worse at night, pain referral, pain worse after use, muscle weakness,  inflammation, limited ROM; usually occurs where the tendon attaches to the bone or where the muscle attaches to the tendon or in the tendon.
Common areas: rotator cuff tendonitis, infraspinatus tendonitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, tennis elbow, shin splints
Indications: Massage as per your level of training.  Trigger point treatments, relieve inflammation, re-educate movement. Slow to heal because of lack of vascularity.
Contraindications: Cortisone shots may be administered; Use caution

Types of Tendon Injuries by Whitney Lowe

When Is It Tendinitis? By Whitney Lowe, LMT, NCTMB

Achilles Tendinosis
by Whitney Lowe

Golfer’s Elbow  By Ben Benjamin, Ph

Tennis Elbow
  By Ben Benjamin, PhD

Temporal Mandibular Joint Syndrome

Definition: inflammation of the tendon sheath – the gliding surface of the tendon and surrounding sheath.
Causes: overuse, repetitive motion, repetitive strain, improper posture, misalignment
Signs/Symptoms: pain, inflammation, stiffness
Indications: Massage as per your level of training;  Reduce inflammation, relieve trigger points, realign problem area
Contraindications: None; Check for medications – steroids may be used in treatment.

Trigeminal Neuralgia
Definition: compression of fifth cranial nerve; may cause degeneration of nerve
Causes: vertebral misalignment, cranial misalignment, TMJ
Signs/Symptoms: pain in face area
Indications: Massage for pain reduction, realign problem areas
Contraindications: None. Refer to appropriate health care provider.

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Definition: compression of brachial nerve plexus; C8-T1; may also be referred to as Brachial Plexus syndrome which may involve C5-C8.

Causes:  tightness in pectoral muscles, intercostals, muscles around clavicle, upper back, neck; misalignment in one or all or these areas; disc protrusion or herniation, fibromyalgia, degenerative changes in the spine causing nerve impingement, inter-scalene triangle impingement, fibrositis of the cervical and shoulder area,
Signs/Symptoms: pain in arm, shoulder, hand, forearm; cold hands and fingers due to compression of axillary artery
Indications: Massage; realignment and release compression
Contraindications: none; Refer to appropriate health care practitioner; Have clear diagnosis to rule out neuritis.

see also massage treatment for thoracic outlet syndrome

Definition: inflammation of a vein
Causes: thrombus(blood clot) from trauma, environmental allergies, lack of exercise and movement, standing for long periods of time, aging, poor circulation, abnormal clotting
Signs/Symptoms: swelling, pain, discoloration of the skin (bluish)
Indications: massage above area
Contraindications: Do not work directly on the area involved

Definition: wry neck, asymmetry in the strength or function of the Sternocleidomastoid muscle causing rotation of the head to one side with a tilt in another direction (lateral, forward or backwards)
Causes: bad sleeping position, stress, TMJ, vertebral misalignment, spasm in SCM, emotional trauma,
Signs/Symptoms: pain, lack of rotation of the neck
Indications: massage to relieve muscle contraction, realign problem areas, lengthen SCM
Contraindications: none; Refer to appropriate health care practitioner.

Definition: infectious disease of the lungs
Causes: bacterial
Signs/Symptoms: flulike symptoms, cough, chest pain, fever, night sweats, shortness of breath
Contraindications: Refer to Physician; Highly contagious

Urinary Incontinence

The Pelvic Floor Paradox Leon Chaitow, ND, DO (U.K.)

Varicose Veins
Definition: abnormally enlarged veins
Causes: improper functioning of the valves in the veins, weakened linings of the wall of the vein, injury, trauma, vitamin C deficiency, overweight, lack of exercise, pregnancy
Signs/Symptoms: bulging, blue veins, usually in the legs
Indications: Massage around vein
Contraindications: do not work directly on vein; Refer to Naturopath and/or Acupuncturist for treatment of nutritional deficiencies

Definition: small growths on skin
Causes: viruses
Signs/Symptoms: bumps on skin, singly or in clusters
Indications: Massage
Contraindications: Avoid direct contact with area; may be contagious

Definition: traumatic injury to the neck most commonly associated with car accident; acceleration/deceleration
Causes: rapid deceleration, injuries, trauma
Signs/Symptoms: dizziness, pain in neck, muscle guarding, TMJ, inner ear disturbances, concussions
Indications: Massage as per your level of training. treatment differs as to type of accident (rear end collision, head on collision or side impact collision)
Contraindications: Have Physician evaluate traumatic injuries

Whiplash by Whitney Lowe Massage Magazine

Acceleration-deceleration injuries(PDF): ‘Whiplash Syndrome’ Judith DeLany, LMT