The therapeutic relationship for massage therapists

The Art of Therapeutic Relationships
One of the least talked about concepts in massage school is the therapeutic relationship that occurs between the massage therapist and the client. Cidalia Paivia in her book “Keeping the Professional Promise” says:

When a massage therapist and a patient come together, the therapist and patient enter into a therapeutic relationship. What distinguishes the therapeutic relationship from other relationships is its very special purpose and goal, which is to serve the needs and interests of our patients.

The Therapeutic relationship’s primary function is to facilitate the health and well-being of our patients, ensuring that we bring our full presence and commitment to this experience.”

When people come to us seeking help with their condition or distress, what happens is that a power differential is created. People come to us thinking we can ‘fix’ or help them. They think that we hold the answers to relief from their symptoms. They are vulnerable because they are in pain or under stress. The act of seeking help recreates an old pattern of relating to someone in power which is based on our early relationship with our parents or major caregiver. Since no caregiver is perfect and able to provide for all of our needs we are left with holes in our essence and we seek to fill these in most relationships especially one where a person is actually seeking help.   (Transference)

On the other hand the “helpers” have their own issues and reasons why they feel compelled to be the helper. (Countertransference) While on the surface many help because it brings more meaning to the helpers lives, helping is also a great way to really learn more about oneself. Rachel Remen in her article “in the Service of Life” talks about helping in this way:

Serving is different from helping. Helping is based on inequality; it is not a relationship between equals. When you help you use your own strength to help those of lesser strength. If I’m attentive to what’s going on inside of me when I’m helping, I find that I’m always helping someone who’s not as strong as I am, who is needier than I am. People feel this inequality. When we help we may inadvertently take away from people more than we could ever give them; we may diminish their self-esteem, their sense of worth, integrity and wholeness.

Because the nature of touch can bring up so many deep and unconscious feelings and emotions in clients and the massage therapist, it is important that a massage therapist have an understanding of what happens in a therapeutic relationship and understand how what they do and say can influence the relationship.

The thing with counter-transference is that the roots of it are often so deeply embedded in who we are, we are unaware that the source of our feelings and reactions may be based on our own unmet needs from early childhood so we unknowingly jeopardize the therapeutic relationship.  It often shows up in the way we always want to help others, how we always want to give advice to clients, and in many other ways.

Maintaining the Therapeutic Relationship

The therapeutic relationship is based on the massage therapists ability to stay present with a client and not judge, fix or otherwise hinder the client’s process of healing. It requires that the massage therapist have a clear idea of what their own needs are and learn to get their own personal needs for appreciation, validation and to be needed met in other areas of their lives so that they can become and stay more present with the client for the clients healing process. Working within the therapeutic relationship requires that you be able to give empathy for the client. To be able to give empathy, one needs to have met their own needs for empathy first by doing the grief work that is related to not getting your needs met and working with a skilled peer supervisor or mental health counselor to rewire the brain and body for empathy.

Since so many of our needs are really unconscious, it is important to begin to become aware of our own needs and learn to take care of them outside of the therapeutic relationship so that we can become more present to witness the healing process in clients.

So often massage therapists find themselves crossing the boundaries between friendship and clients, wanting to fix a client, wanting to give more, getting paid less, giving advice and acting in other ways that will actually foster a client’s dependence on the massage therapist. The massage therapist will often start sacrificing their time and energy in order to help a client or so they think. There is such a fine line between helping and when helping is actually hurting that it is near impossible to distinguish until it is too late. The massage therapist will end up feeling resentful, burned out, facing physical injuries/illness which may lead to career ending events.

The presence of a massage therapist depends on their own awareness of themselves and the reasons why they feel compelled to help. Our early childhood is where it all starts. Our self esteem is developed at an early age. We begin projecting our unrecognized feelings on others shortly after birth. When our early needs for nurturing, appreciation and acceptance were not met, we see ourselves as less than worthy and it is reflected in all of our actions and reactions. When our own needs for empathy and mirroring are left unmet from early childhood, they often get in the way when we try to help others. We can learn to be of service more when we take the time to receive the empathy that we need for ourselves.

As a massage therapist, we owe it to our clients to do our own personal growth work and fill in the holes left by the wounds of our past. Learning about ourselves and setting clear boundaries in a massage practice can take you much farther in building your practice than any marketing plan. The clearer you get about who you are, what you are doing and why, the clearer your relationships with your clients and potential clients.