Pathology -R

Raynaud’s disease
Definition: circulatory disease in the hands and feet with sensitivity to cold

Causes: stress, side effect of some drugs, muscle tightness and compression syndromes
Signs/Symptoms: fingers deprived of oxygen turn blue or white, damage may occur to nails
Indications: Massage for stress reduction and relieve any compressed areas
Contraindications: Gangrene may occur in extreme cases; Refer to appropriate health care practitioner.

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
Definition: Sympathetic Nervous System Disorder
Causes: Trauma, injury, stress
Signs/Symptoms: burning pain, swelling, osteoporsis, skin changes, muscle spasm, joint tenderness, vasoconstriction and dilation, usually in hand or foot but can be other places, may lead to weakness and atrophy
Indications: Massage for stress reduction and relieve spasms. Check postural alignment.
Contraindications: Refer to appropriate health care practitioner

Working with clients who have Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy by Ruth Werner

Repetitive Stress Syndrome
Defintion: a combination of conditions which include tendonitis, tenosynovitis, neuralgia, and neuritis
Causes: overuse, poor nutrition, stress
Signs/Symptoms: burning pain, tingling, increased pain with movement, numbness, swelling, inflammation, weakness, reduced mobility, reduced motor ability
Indications: Get clear diagnosis. Reduce inflammation, reduce adhesions, reduce joint stiffness and pain, minimize atrophy
Contraindications: Check for steroid medications

Restless Leg Syndrome

Definition: uncontrollable urge to move legs usually occurring at night
Causes: Unknown; possible causes are drug reaction, brain chemistry imbalance, iron deficiency, pregnancy, neuropathy, improper diet, lack of exercise
Signs/Symptoms: nocturnal leg cramping, muscle tightness, urge to move due to uncomfortable sensations, symptoms may worsen with relaxation, burning feet, fibromyalgia, sleep problems
Indications: Massage to relieve tightness in legs, triggerpoint therapy, stretching program
Contraindications: Relaxation may worsen condition in some cases. Refer to appropriate health care practitioner for nutritional support and treatment. Possible medications for treatment include sinemet, valium, percodan, percocet.
Rheumatoid Arthritis – see arthritis

Definition: fungal infection of the skin
Causes: fungus
Signs/Symptoms: scaly, crusty cracking of the skin
Indications: do not use oil or lotion as fungus thrive in moist areas
Contraindications: No oil or lotion; Refer to appropriate health care practitioner

Definition: chronic skin disorder of the forehead, face and chin
Causes: unknown; may be related to alcohol consumption, poor digestion, dehydration, nutritional deficiencies, stress
Signs/Symptoms: capillaries become dilated causing blotchy areas with pimples, skin may be sensitive to touch
Indications: Massage for stress reduction and removal of toxins and to stimulate digestion
Contraindications: None; Refer to appropriate health care practitioner.

Rotator Cuff Injuries and Problems

See the section on rotator cuff injuries

Stretching for preventing rotator cuff injuries

Rotator Cuff Problems
  By Joel Schwartz, DC